The world population has crossed the 7 billion mark and is steadily on the rise. At the same time, the world is witnessing a rapid urbanisation trend such that urban centres will absorb almost the entire growth in world population in the next four decades. According to the United Nations, developing countries like India, China (and the continent of Africa) will witness relatively high rates of urban growth since they presently have 47% urban population, as against 78% in developed countries.
Such a large scale growth of urban centers in developing countries is bound to have simultaneous large-scale impacts on environment and natural resources. This will in turn adversely affect development in the long run and will cause irreversible damage to the biosphere. There is thus an urgent need for promoting the principles of sustainable development, which can only be possible by more efficient management of each and every aspect of ‘our common environment’. At the same time, there is a need to lay greater emphasis on understanding urban ecosystems and promoting innovative management of our cities and urban centres.
It is indeed such a innovation revolution in the field of environmental management which is the need of the hour in the present day. Innovations in the following sectors are being researched and developed as part of the uERA Lab’s efforts towards ensuring urban sustainability:
- Urban Biodiversity
- Urban Planning
- Environmental Economics